Onychomycosis: How to detect and treat effectively?

Yellow spots, greenish, gray or white, peeling, broken or deformed nails apparent whether the hands or feet, may be the visible symptoms of fungal infection. Just as limbs disfigure also damage the area and may extend at an early detection and diagnosis of the problem will make the solution more effective. There are several new methods that promise to erase the mushrooms quick and painless. In this note we highlight the latest laser method to treat this problem that does not discriminate against age or sex.

The most common pathological process in the nails is dermatophytic onychomycosis and is seen in both the toenails and in the hands of either. This disease is caused by fungi that attack different types and very differently because some are in the nail and others at the root of this. In any condition is always the lack of care and treatment worsens the problem making it much more difficult to eradicate.

Mycosis of the nails

The fungus thrives in warm, moist environments, therefore, exposure of the extremities in places like locker rooms, swimming pools or public baths favors the spread. Also the use of tight shoes or materials without ventilation, wet socks or excessive perspiration.

effective treatments for dermatophytic onychomycosis

Symptoms and Early Detection

Fungi can affect one or more nails and paying a little attention in the area is that it is easy to identify this problem. We must take into account:

  • The nails are thickened, brittle, discolored
  • Sometimes there is pain when walking
  • The nail becomes sensitive to touch, soft, reaching squeezing white liquid appear in the cuticle
  • Fungi can be generated after an injury to the nail. If we see that does not heal normally be suspicious
  • There are health conditions that predispose to fungal infection such as diabetes , circulatory disorders and impaired defenses by age, stress or various conditions.
  • All symptoms can be discovered by the person who has it but requires accurate medical diagnosis by the dermatologist who will do a microbiological test for an accurate diagnosis and indicate the specific treatment for onychomycosis.

Treatments for Onychomycosis

There are antifungal medications (against fungi), both topical and oral requiring much patience and care by the patient.

The most common pathological process in the nails is dermatophytic onychomycosis and is seen in both the toenails and in the hands of either

There are also new ways to combat through technology laser.

Laser specifically acts on the fungus that is under ungular blade without damaging surrounding healthy tissue. This treatment combines two different types of lasers in the same session, one after the other. This combination generates gravitation shockwaves and increasing temperature to destroy spores of the fungus.

Intense pulsed light (IPL): The system has a method that radiates pulsed light area in precise combination of thermal relaxation time and wavelength to destroy fungi. This electromagnetic radiation harms the bodies responsible for onychomycosis and disables the ability to replicate. This prevents the infection if it has not started and cured if it already exists.

The fungicidal and bactericidal effect of pulsed light comes on fungi to selectively inactivate, but the nail and surrounding tissue are left intact.

In both cases the number of sessions varies depending on the case (sometimes up to 6) and applied every 15 days. Everything works without hassles and in a few minutes (it takes about 1 minute per nail).

Besides the laser device features pieces that adapt to the shape of the nail and the size of the lesion. Therefore, the specialist can perform specific vaporization by laser fungus, no pain, no cuts and no side effects. After the session, the patient places his shoe and follows his normal life.

Some doctors report accompany the process with supplements of vitamins and amino acids to improve the growth of nails which can get a little slow.

Overall results are observed as renews the nail, hands at 6 months and at 12 feet.
The previous studies are not required but are no contraindications in cases of:

  1. Pregnancy and lactation
  2. If there pacemaker or cardiac problems
  3. Diseases that can be stimulated by light, such as lupus, porphyria, epilepsy.
  4. Consult a physician in cases of autoimmune diseases (such as HIV, lupus, psoriasis or other) or endocrine (such as uncontrolled diabetes).

The 20% of the world population is affected by this problem as shown by the studies and all derived from the little care that people have.

Prevention is always better with simple changes in routine and keep nails short and clean, avoid excessive use of detergent or alcohol gel to sanitize your hands, wear cotton socks and shoes with ventilation, wear sandals in public showers and locker rooms, make a correct drying of the feet after the shower, etc.. Key is always know that the excess moisture in the area is what gives rise to the fungi and also propagate and spread to other nails.