Alterations in thyroid glands are very common, and not all times are associated with unexplained changes in body weight. The mood swings, fatigue, dry skin , or the simple feeling that something is wrong but we know that may indicate that there is a thyroid problem.
The thyroid is a butterfly – shaped gland located at the base of the neck that plays a vital role in nearly all body functions.
It is part of the endocrine system produces thyroid hormone (TH) , which controls metabolism and affects the heart, muscles, brain and other body parts. When the secret much or little amount of hormones from the basic body functions such as sleep, weight, appetite and mood, may be altered thyroid.
Thyroid problems are more common in women than in men, we have up to eight times more likely to have an abnormality in this gland.
Generally both hypothyroidism (low secretion of TH) as hyperthyroidism (excessive production of TH)), show unmistakable signs, but in some cases these are not as obvious or alteration is completely asymptomatic.
Here are some common signs of thyroid problem:
Exhaustion and tiredness even after sleeping well
While fatigue, sluggishness and exhaustion may be associated with a large number of different health problems are one of the most common symptoms of thyroid problems.
When the exhaustion is common, even after a good night’s sleep, it is likely to suffer from hypothyroidism .
This fatigue is because the body has low production of thyroid hormone and metabolism works slower.
Variations Unexplained weight
An increase or unexplained weight loss is a common sign of thyroid problems.
When you gain weight despite eating well or to diet and exercise, it is a warning sign of hypothyroidism . The body lacks sufficient levels of TH, resulting in a slower metabolism that burns less energy and therefore accumulates fat.
Instead, an overactive thyroid generates an unexplained weight loss. In this case the gland produces too much TH, metabolism is accelerated and the body burns too much energy.
The hyperthyroidism is a more dangerous condition hypothyroidism, because it can lead to heart problems.
Depression and sadness
Irrational changes in mood can not only be due to the menstrual cycle. Anxiety, depression, sadness may be due to thyroid problems.
Having little or too much thyroid can affect brain chemistry affecting the secretion of serotonin.
It is common for people with hyperthyroidism feel anxious, restless or irritable, while having little TH may feel sad or depressed.
dry skin, hair loss, brittle nails
Dry and flaky skin, brittle nails and hair loss can be a clear sign of hypothyroidism.
Hair loss can also be linked to an overactive thyroid, along with the skin or oily hair.
Generally these symptoms may appear months of poor thyroid function.
Irregular periods or altered
A malfunction of the thyroid affect the menstrual cycle.
Hyperthyroidism results in a shorter, irregular menstruation and with light menstrual period. Instead, and hypothyroidism is characterized by generating a heavier and longer cycles period.
Be very careful because interruptions in a regular menstrual cycle can increase the risk of infertility.
In some cases of subclinical thyroid problems, which are a mild form of hypothyroidism usually without noticeable symptoms, unexplained spontaneous abortions can be generated.